The impact loads of heel strike running may increase compartment pressure in the foot-ankle complex which may persist as pain and injury as compared with forefoot running.
Heel strike running may prevent the calves from being used more effectively as shock absorbers which may not only increase calf loading, but may amplify impact to other areas of the leg as compared with forefoot running.
Heel strike running was found to increase rapid contractions in the anterior tibialis (the muscle that runs down the front of the shin) which was found to be a risk factor for shin splints as compared with forefoot running.
2 ways landing with a forefoot strike can prevent hip pain after running.
One consistent consequence of stability running shoes with thick cushioning is that they don’t always work in restraining or reducing over-pronation (abnormal foot motions), nor are they fully effective at reducing peak shear stress and other forms of musculoskeletal loading in heel strike runners. However, a growing field of research is showing that switching from heel strike to forefoot strike running is enough to enable a more full reduction of net forces on the shins and knees.
From the start, adopting the Pose Running Technique (non-heel strike running style) can bring great outcomes in fully resolving and preventing chronic exertional compartment syndrome (throbbing lower leg pain during running) which is a condition that commonly plaques heel strike runners as compared with forefoot runners.
Forefoot running reduces compartmental syndrome by encouraging a favorable foot strike position resulting in less ankle dorsiflexion, higher step rate, lower ground reaction force, and adequate weight shift transfer on the foot.
Researchers developed a model explaining how heel strike running can result in a shattered femur.